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Abkhazia
Abkhazia
ABKHAZIA IS THE OLDEST HISTORICAL AND GEOGRAPHIC REGION OF GEORGIA.
 
ITS NORTHERN BOUNDARY FOLLOWS THE APEX OF THE WATERSHED RANGE OF KAVKASIONI MOUNTAINS, FROM THE SOUTH IT IS CONFINED TO THE BLACK SEA, NORTH-WESTERN BORDER RUNS ALONG RIVER PSOU, AND BORDER IN THE EAST – ALONG SVANETIABKHAZIA RANGE AND RIVER ENGURI.
 
IN XIII-VII CC. BC BRONZE AGE COLCHIS CULTURE CREATED BY PROTOGEORGIAN TRIBES WAS DISTRIBUTED IN THE REGION. IN ANTIQUE EPOCH ABKHAZIA WAS A PART OF THE COLCHIS KINGDOM. OPINION SOME OF SCHOLARS PROVIDES THAT ABKHAZIANS WHO LIVED THERE IN THAT PERIOD WERE AS GEORGIAN AS THEIR NEIGHBORING
TRIBES OF KARTS, EGRIS AND SVANS.
 
ANOTHER PART OF SCHOLARS BELIEVES THAT ETHNIC COMMUNITY LIVING IN TODAY’S TERRITORY OF ABKHAZIA WHO CALL THEMSELVES ABKHAZIANS HAVE NORTH CAUCASUS ORIGIN AND SETTLED AT THE BEGINNING OF AD BETWEEN BZYB AND GUMISTA AND LATER ON STEP-BY-STEP RECLAIMED MARSHLAND SEASIDE.
 
ABKHAZIA AS A RESORT ZONE STARTED TO ESTABLISH ITSELF IN THE END OF XIX CENTURY. SINCE 1810 WHEN GEORGIA BECAME A PART OF RUSSIAN EMPIRE, RUSSIAN NOBLES AND MERCHANTS STARTED CONSTRUCTION OF RESIDENCES AND DACHAS ON THE BLACK SEA SHORE OF THE TERRITORY WITH MAGNIFICENT NATURE AND CLIMATE SURROUNDED BY THE MOUNTAINS.
 
IN THE 1870S POPULATION FROM THE COLD NORTH CAUCASUS REGION WHO BECAME HOMELESS AFTER THE CAUCASUS WAR STARTED RESETTLEMENT ON ABKHAZIAN TERRITORY. THESE DEVELOPMENTS FACILITATED CONSTRUCTION OF RESORT INFRASTRUCTURE IN ABKHAZIA.
 
TODAY ABKHAZIA IS OCCUPIED TERRITORY AND IS BEYOND GEORGIA’S JURISDICTION.
 
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